It is important to learn a few basic first aid skills as you never know when a situation may arise when first aid is called for. You never know, you may just save someone’s life.

Here are 10 first aid tips that everyone should learn:

1. ABC

These initials refer to priorities you must put into practice whenever you find yourself in a first aid situation. They stand for airway, breathing and circulation. When someone is unconscious, keep their airway open. If they are breathing, keep them in a recovery position. Air circulation is paramount so whatever you do; keep the casualty’s air circulation systems working.

2. Preventing Bleeding

A slight or severe injury may cause someone to bleed profusely. In such a situation, you should apply slight pressure to the affected area. Look for something you can use to apply pressure and soak up the bleeding. Keep applying pressure on the injured part until the bleeding stops.

3. Burns

The first thing to do is ensure the victim is in a comfortable position. As you attend to them, provide some comfort. Let them know that help is on the way. Meanwhile, look for a piece of clothing and make it wet. Use it to compress the burnt area to minimize and prevent damaging the skin further.

4. Sprains

Ice is the most effective first aid treatment for sprains. Whether it is a wrist or ankle sprain, apply some ice blocks on the affected area. You can take a few blocks of ice from the freezer and put them in a plastic bag. If this does not stop the swelling, refer them to a professional for specialised care.

5. Diarrhoea

A person with diarrhoea gets dehydrated quickly. The body loses water this way so your primary objective should be to rehydrate them. Administer a diet comprising lots of fluid. Keep doing so until you see signs that the they are improving. If you have anti-diarrhoea medication, administer that too.

6. Trauma

An injury from a fall may result in trauma. In this case keep the casualty still without allowing any head movement.

7. Reassurance

Reassure and comfort the person that you are helping. You should also try to remain as calm as possible which will help them to do the same.

8. CPR Classes

Attend first aid courses to boost your first aid life-saving skills.

9. Supplies

Stock up on some first aid supplies. You’ll need some bandages, gauzes, cotton wool, thermometer and antacids. 10. Seek help You should not treat first aid as conclusive medical care. Always get medical help after you have done your initial work. If you have children and want to improve your first aid skills then take a look at our paediatric first aid courses.